Regenerative medicine, and the use of stem cell therapy in particular, is a rapidly growing field in medicine because of its potential to repair and heal conditions that previously could only be treated defensively against symptoms, rather than proactively against the root cause. These are the most important facts that you should know about today’s stem cell advancements from Dr. Bennett, Sarasota orthopedic specialist.
What Are Stem Cells?
In the simplest terms, stem cells are cells that can divide and reproduce indefinitely into any type of cell. This means that a stem cell treatment can theoretically help muscle and even brain matter regenerate itself by using stem cells to grow missing or damaged cells.
Where Do Stem Cells Come From?
Stem cells can be derived from a few different sources. The first type are adult stem cells, which are obtained from adult patients. Embryonic stem cells, on the other hand, come from embryos remaining after in-vitro fertilization that the parents choose to donate to science. Scientific advances now can create induced pluripotent stem cells, which are adult stem cells genetically reprogrammed into an embryonic state.
Why Can Stem Cells Treat Disease and Injury?
Stem cells can be “designed” to replace tissue that is damaged by disease or injury, thereby completely replacing any problematic cells with new, healthy cells. This means that stem cells can replace the neurons damaged by spinal cord injury, Parkinson’s disease, and other neurological conditions. It also means that stem cells can theoretically replace any tissue or organ that is suffering, which builds the potential for solutions to lung cancer, severe osteoporosis, Bradenton sports medicine clinics, and more.
What Proven Stem Cell Therapies Are Currently In Use in Sports Medicine?
A number of clinical trials are currently underway, but only a select few stem cell therapies have been formally approved. While embryonic stem cells are currently being used mainly in research to determine how diseases grow and mutate, adult stem cells from bone marrow cells can be applied to regenerate cartilage, ligaments, and tendons in sports medicine. Pain decreases in as quickly as two weeks, and eventually full recovery can occur either without or in combination with surgery. For more information visit our Venice orthopedic surgery center in Florida today.